Pregnancy is a wonderful experience but It can really be frightening to get some of those signs indicating that something isn’t totally normal about your pregnancy.
The worry is always very obvious to you that yours is not as normal as others’.
For the vast majority of women, pregnancy follows a routine course. Some women, however, have medical difficulties related to their health or the health of their baby.
Sometimes a high-risk pregnancy is the result of a medical condition present before pregnancy. In other cases, a medical condition that develops during pregnancy for either mom or baby causes a pregnancy to become high risk.
Is your pregnancy high risk? Are you bothered and wondering if there is anything you can do? Let’s take a look at some of the situations.
Multiple pregnancy. Pregnancy risks are higher for women carrying twins or higher order multiples. Being pregnant with multiples doesn’t necessarily mean that your pregnancy will be problematic. However, women carrying multiples do have a higher chance of developing complications such as high blood pressure and preterm labor. For this reason, all multiple pregnancies are considered high-risk.
Advanced maternal age. Pregnancy risks are higher for mothers age 35 and older.
Lifestyle choices. Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and using illegal drugs can put a pregnancy at risk.
Underlying conditions. Chronic conditions — such as diabetes, high blood pressure and epilepsy — increase pregnancy risks. A blood condition, such as anemia, an infection or an underlying mental health condition also can increase pregnancy risks.
Past Medical history. A prior C-section, low birth weight baby or preterm birth — birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy(9 months plus) — might increase the risk in subsequent pregnancies. Other risk factors include a family history of genetic conditions, a history of pregnancy loss or the death of a baby shortly after birth.
Pregnancy complications. Various complications that develop during pregnancy pose risks, such as problems with the uterus, cervix or placenta. Other concerns might include too much amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios) or low amniotic fluid (oligohydramnios), restricted fetal growth, or Rh (rhesus) sensitization — a potentially serious condition that can occur when your blood group is Rh negative and your baby’s blood group is Rh positive.
Handling a high risk pregnancy is not defined in one word. It is not a straightforward thing because the situations differ. You may have known or informed by your doctor that you have some issues or not. However, no matter your situation, it is advised that you simply follow the basic guidelines for maintaining a healthy pregnancy. Do the following:
Seek regular prenatal care. Prenatal visits can help your health care provider monitor your health and your baby’s health. Depending on the circumstances, you might be referred to a specialist in maternal-fetal medicine, genetics, pediatrics or other areas.
- Be cautious when using assisted reproductive technology (ART). If you’re planning to use ART to get pregnant, consider how many embryos will be implanted. Multiple pregnancies carry a higher risk of preterm labor.
- Avoid risky substances. If you smoke, quit. Alcohol and illegal drugs are off-limits, too. Get your health care provider’s OK before you start — or stop — taking any medications or supplements.
- Eat a healthy diet. During pregnancy, you’ll need more folic acid, calcium, iron and other essential nutrients. A daily prenatal vitamin can help fill any gaps. Consult your health care provider if you have special nutrition needs due to a health condition, such as diabetes.Check out these foods you need to be eating when pregnant.
- Gain weight wisely. Gaining the right amount of weight can support your baby’s health — and make it easier to shed the extra pounds after delivery. Work with your health care provider to determine what’s right for you.
- Schedule a preconception appointment. If you’re thinking about becoming pregnant, consult your health care provider. He or she might counsel you to start taking a daily prenatal vitamin and reach a healthy weight before you become pregnant. If you have a medical condition, your treatment might need to be adjusted to prepare for pregnancy. Your health care provider might also discuss your risk of having a baby with a genetic condition.
Pain or cramping in the lower abdomen
Watery vaginal discharge — in a gush or a trickle
Regular or frequent contractions — a tightening sensation in the abdomen
Decreased fetal activity
Pain or burning with urination
Changes in vision, including blurred vision
If you notice any of these signs, please ensure that you report to your doctor for necessary investigations to be done.
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